North East India

How to Backpack North East India?

North East India has remained on the fringes of a travel map for far too long. That is changing. If you are considering to explore this land of many stories, equip yourself with the necessary information. Read on to know why and when to visit the region, what to pack, how to get the necessary travel permits, how much do guest houses, local transport, or local food cost, and what faux pas to avoid. Abhijeet Deshpande, author of Backpacking North East India: A Curious Journey, shares few ideas.

For those who do not know, North East India comprises of eight states – Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim, and Tripura. The Himalayas and its waters define the region’s terrain, climate, rich biodiversity, and the peculiar indigenous lifestyles her people follow. That North East India is bound by Bhutan, Nepal, and Tibet to the north, Bangladesh to the south and west, and Myanmar to the east hints at the eclectic mix of cultural, ethnic, and linguistic diversity. This is where elements of Asia come together to do what they do best – cast a spell.

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Why Should I Visit North East India?

Sometimes, the challenge of sorting through gems and picking up a select few can make those left behind, exclusive. It is particularly true of North East India and it is what makes the region evermore mysterious. The possibility of discovery accompanies every visitor’s footsteps, and follows every story from the region. Visit India’s North East for its indigenous culture, wildlife, stunning landscapes, untold history, solitary relics, diverse places of worship, high-octane festivals, culinary delights, and more. For details on this topic, here are the must-read reasons to visit North East India.

When to Visit North East India?

The recommended travel season is between the winter months of October and April. However, if you want to enjoy the larger-than-life waterfalls, plan your travels between May and September. North East India is home to the wettest places in the world. Towns like Cherrapunji (also known as Sohra) and Mawsynram are known to record highest rainfall on earth. Besides, the famous annual Ambubachi Mela (festival) celebrating the divine feminine power is typically held in the month of July or August. Remember though, national parks and forests are inaccessible during monsoons. Pick a time that suits you best and keep close tabs on local travel conditions.

What to Pack for Travels in North East India?

The weather and topography variation in North East India can baffle first-time visitors. From snow-capped high mountains of Arunachal Pradesh and Sikkim to warm, almost tropics-like, plains of Assam, North East India raises the bar by a few notches. Though it can hold visitors in awe, such variation can put packing decisions in to a spin. If you are new to this style of travel, you may use these tips for first-time backpackers. That said, what to carry is a very personal choice and, the following is just one take.

Clothes

If traveling in the winter season, wear clothes in layers. So, while moving from cold to warm areas, you just have to take off your jacket and / or jumpers. Carry at least one pair of leggings, a pair of jeans, a pair of shorts, 3-4 tees, a jumper, a jacket (preferably waterproof), and a pair each of hand-gloves, walking shoes and flip-flops. To cut down the weight on your shoulders, try merino wear instead of heavy thermals. Some mountain rides (especially along the Manipur-Assam border) can get dusty, very dusty – so, carry a pair of sunglasses, a hat, and a scarf to completely cover your head, eyes, and face.

Gadgets

A smartphone is a given – besides helping in communication, it serves as a camera, a torch, a writing pad to keep travel notes, a timepiece, a navigation device, etc. Just carry a power bank to keep it charged. Other than that, keep a personal electric kettle, especially if you are planning to stay longer in remote areas. Few places in the region may not offer a hot shower. A kettle serves you warm sponges, boiled water (should you run out of water bottles), tea and coffee (pack few bags / sachets), and noodles-in-a-cup on a rainy day. Multipurpose gadgets work best to cut down weight.

Medicines

If you are planning to stay longer in remote areas (of which there will be opportunities), make a small pouch of commonly available (over-the-counter) medicines. It won’t add more than 50-100 grams to your backpack but can mean the difference between staying fit during hikes and tied to a bed in a jungle. At a minimum, keep paracetamols, anti-allergics, rehydrate solutions, muscle-relaxant, and mosquito repellent (recommended to keep throughout India). You know your health best – customize your medicine kit to your needs.

Do I Need Travel Permits to Visit North East India?

Indians require Inner Line Permits (ILPs) for only three out of eight states: Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, and Mizoram. On the other hand, foreigners (including Overseas Citizens of India or OCI card holders) require Protected Area Permits (PAPs) for only Arunachal Pradesh and Sikkim. In Manipur, Mizoram, and Nagaland, foreigners are required to make a simple police-registration (often facilitated by guest houses or travel guides) within 24 hours of arrival. Lastly, Assam, Meghalaya, and Tripura do not mandate any travel permit for Indians or foreigners. How about we simplify all this with a visual?

Entry Formalities for North East India
North East Indian StateIndians RequireForeigners* Require
Arunachal PradeshInner Line PermitProtected Area Permit
Assam
ManipurRegistration on Arrival
Meghalaya
MizoramInner Line PermitRegistration on Arrival
NagalandInner Line PermitRegistration on Arrival
SikkimProtected Area Permit
Tripura

*Certain nationals may require additional formalities. Refer FAQs.

Procuring travel permits is easier than you think. For details on how Indians and foreigners can get these, please read travel permits to North East India.

How Do I Get to North East India?

The region is connected by air routes and long-distance trains (with buses and shared taxis for the last mile). For short visits (say, to North East India’s famous festivals), you could fly direct to the nearest airport such as Aizawl, Dimapur, Imphal, Gangtok, Guwahati, etc. However, if you wish to backpack for a relatively longer duration, there are options. To travel in the general direction of north to south, get to popular railheads like New Jalpaiguri, or Guwahati, near the Siliguri corridor and weave your route on the go. If you plan to backpack in the opposite direction, and have the budget, flying to Lengpui Airport in Aizawl (Mizoram) or Agartala (Tripura) could be good options to start your journey.

Is it Safe to Travel in North East India?

Follow safe travel practices as you would elsewhere. Practices such as arriving at a new place before sundown, following local advice and local news, picking up local language words, and showing respect toward indigenous communities and culture. Such common practices often make up for backpackers’ customs or an informal code of conduct. In North East India do all this and, if you want to hike through jungles or visit remote areas, always use a local guide.

North East India is declared safe for tourism and is hosting an ever increasing number of footfalls every year. If you delay that visit, you lose. You lose out on the near exclusive access to some of the greatest marvels on earth and some of the best places that the country offers. For more on this topic, read North East India is safer than you think.

Where to Stay in North East India?

Except in Sikkim, backpacker-hostels are not in vogue yet in North East India. Most towns in the region have tourism lodges (run by government), private guest houses and hotels that offer rooms in the price range of ₹200-2000 per night (shared toilets, sometimes). You may try the following links for your accommodation needs in Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Mizoram, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Sikkim, and Tripura.

When in the region, look out for homestay options too – usually these offer the best experiences and memories. Before getting in a homestay arrangement, just pickup local language words (some folks may not know English or Hindi) and carry a souvenir, howsoever modest, for the host or goodies for the family’s kids.

What to Eat and Drink in North East India?

When it comes to food, you are spoilt for choice. If you think North East India is all about noodles, soup and dumplings, think again. For everyday meals there’s rice, vegetable and fish curries, daal, eggs, and smoked meats. A local, street side, meal should cost between ₹50-150, depending on what you eat. For those hesitant to try the delicious indigenous cuisines, there’s good news – all cities have a mix of eateries offering local, popular vegetarian, or even continental food.

Besides, brewing alcohol is an intangible heritage for most communities of the region. So, except Manipur and Nagaland (prohibition states), enjoy the local brews everywhere you go. Be it the millet-based tongba in Sikkim or the rice aphung in Arunachal Pradesh.

How Do I Get Around Places in North East India?

Except Assam, most of North East India is mountainous with limited rail connectivity. Flights and buses are available but shared taxis (Tata Sumo vehicles) are the preferred choice for long distance commute. For intercity travel within the region, shared taxis usually cost between ₹300-900. You may also try your luck hitch hiking!

What Faux Pas to Avoid in North East India?

Just as elsewhere in the country, respect diversity while visiting North East India too. Let us drop that stereotype. Avoid the assumption that all Indians look alike. Let’s not pigeonhole beliefs, judge social customs with our own moral lens, disrespect indigenous culture, or raise an alarm if and when you see someone with a gun or a machete! For more on the topic, read ten faux pas to avoid in North East India.

North East India is likely to expand your notion of India itself. The incredible hospitality of the region makes sure that visitors take back the choicest of memories.

Think North East India

Need more? Pick up a copy of Backpacking North East India: A Curious Journey. It covers over two dozen places and attempts to answer the question – what is it like to travel in the region? Give it a read and make your own choices. Buy now!

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Have you been to or live in North East India? If yes, you stand to win a free paperback! Check out The Sweet Deal.

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Credits: This piece is edited from its original version, written in response to a question, on Quora?

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32 thoughts on “How to Backpack North East India?

  1. North East is a beauty and you have captured it perfectly. Thanks for sharing information. Keep exploring and sharing 🙂

  2. Well what an elaborate post! I loved the way you’ve covered every minute detail in such a simple and interesting way.

  3. Staying in Assam and travelling to Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh, sikkim , I can relate to each and every line of your post. Tips are very helpful and important. Great effort!

    1. Thank you very much.

      The recommended travel season is between the winter months of October and April. However, if you want to enjoy the larger-than-life waterfalls, plan your travels between May and September. North East India is home to the wettest places in the world. Towns like Cherrapunji (also known as Sohra) and Mawsynram are known to record highest rainfall on earth. Besides, the famous annual Ambubachi Mela (festival) celebrating the divine feminine power is typically held in the month of July or August. Remember though, national parks and forests are inaccessible during monsoons. Pick a time that suits you best and keep close tabs on local travel conditions. Happy travels! 🙂

  4. Wow India is in our list of places to visit. This post will help us a lot in the future when time comes that we’re ready for India ???????? ☺️

    1. Thank you Sinjana. North East India is like no other place that we have been too. To learn more about it, feel free to get a copy of our travelogue – Backpacking North East India: A Curious Journey.

    1. Thank you Jayashree. Hope you are able to plan a trip to other seven states of North East India soon. You will be surprised by the uniqueness each one offers. Do look up our travelogue to help you plan better – Backpacking North East India: A Curious Journey.

  5. Such good & comprehensive advice in this post. We really do need to reconsider India as a travel destination as it seems there is alot more to it than we originally thought.

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